Anno Domini

Click here for Battle Ready Medieval Swords and Armors Longswords The Longsword is a type of European sword used during the late medieval period, approximately to with early and late use reaching into the 13th and 17th centuries, respectively. Longswords have long cruciform hilts with grips over 10 to 15in length providing room for two hands. Straight double-edged blades are often over 1 m to 1. The longsword is commonly held in combat with both hands, though some may be used single-handed. Longswords are used for hewing, slicing, and stabbing. The specific offensive purpose of an individual longsword is derived from its physical shape. All parts of the sword are used for offensive purposes, including the pommel and crossguard. English Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts refer to the longsword as the two hand sword. The terms “hand-and-a-half sword”, “greatsword”, and “bastard sword” are used colloquially to refer to longswords in general. The longsword, with its longer grip and blade, appears to have become popular during the 14th century and remained in common use, as shown through period art and tale, from to

Medieval Castles

History of Christianity and homosexuality Although homosexuality was not considered a major offense during the early Roman Empire, homosexual encounters and homosexual behavior came to be viewed as unacceptable as Christianity developed. The Old Testament Leviticus Peter Damian , wrote the Liber Gomorrhianus, an extended attack on both homosexuality and masturbation.

In Book II Vision Six, she quotes God as condemning same-sex intercourse, including lesbianism; “a woman who takes up devilish ways and plays a male role in coupling with another woman is most vile in My sight, and so is she who subjects herself to such a one in this evil deed”. In the 13th century A. However, the natural law of many aspects of life is knowable apart from special revelation by examining the forms and purposes of those aspects.

THE FASHIONED HAND: HISTORIC FINGER RINGS Press Release. Les Enluminures will inaugurate a special exhibition at Frieze Masters in London. It consists of twenty artistically and historically important rings dating from Imperial Rome to the 20th century.

Chronology and dating As most genealogists know, dating conventions in English documents can cause problems even as late as the 18th century. These problems can become quite complicated in medieval documents. For example, medieval charters are commonly dated by specifying the week day, a nearby religious feast day, and the year of the monarch’s reign – a convention which clearly has little in common with the modern system of day, month and calendar year.

Although the process of dating medieval documents can seem off-putting, fortunately most of the necessary resources are available on the internet. Today’s genealogist can, with care, date a document at the push of a button, where yesterday’s had to hunt laboriously through tables. For further details, an excellent published guide is Cheney’s Handbook of Dates for Students of English History, to which I am indebted for much of the following information.

THE MIDDLE AGES, CHIVALRY, &amp KNIGHTHOOD

Radiocarbon Dating of the Shroud of Turin by P. Tite6 Reprinted from Nature, Vol. As Controls, three samples whose ages had been determined independently were also dated.

Updated September JUMP TO: Terms & Glossaries / Timelines / Maps / Feudalism – Daily Life – Carolingian Empire/Charlemagne. The Crusades – Heraldry – Chivalry – Knighthood / War, Warfare & Weaponry. Important People / Law / Science & Technology /. Castles / Medieval Women / Religion & The Church. The Black Death (Plague).

Sarlat Visit Sarlat Sarlat – Now we’re talking! The most famous town in the region and one of the most renowned and visited in France. It is also one of the most attractive. Often called just Sarlat, the town is actually twinned with its less famous neighbour and is more correctly called Sarlat le Caneda. Destined to be besieged by tourists at almost all times of the year Sarlat is a beautiful, well restored town a few kilometres north of the River Dordogne.

The old town, dating from both medieval and renaissance times is a pleasure to visit, especially during the spring and autumn, or early in the morning. If you can catch the early morning sunshine on the yellow sandstone buildings, so much the better.

History of York

Overlooking Palermo, the town of Monreale, from the Latin “Mons Regalis” literally ‘Royal Mountain’ , straddles a slope of Mount Caputo about eight kilometers south of Palermo’s cathedral. Set at about three hundred metres above sea level, the town overlooks the “Conca d’Oro,” as the valley beyond Palermo is known. No extended visit of Palermo is truly complete without a visit to Monreale. The cathedral and its cloister represent the largest concentration of Norman, Arab and Byzantine art in one place.

Updated September JUMP TO: Terms & Glossaries / Timelines / Maps / Feudalism – Daily Life – Carolingian Empire/Charlemagne. The Crusades – Heraldry – Chivalry – Knighthood / War, Warfare & Weaponry. Important People / Law / Science & Technology /. Castles / Medieval Women / Religion & The Church. The Black Death (Plague).

But Jesus’ followers during the first four or five generations after his death were far more concerned about sexual morality than Jesus himself had been. One pattern centered on the reproductive function of sex and established nature and the natural as the criterion of what was licit; the second focused on the notion that sex was impure, a source of shame and defilement; the third emphasized sexual relations as a source of intimacy, as a symbol and expression of conjugal love.

Medieval writers placed greater emphasis upon the first two patters, but at various times prior to the Reformation, and in many segments of Christian society since then, all three approaches and the consequences deduced from them have been held and taught in various combinations. The Roman familia meant a household, not a family in the modern sense, and households came in a great variety of sizes and shapes.

Among the wealthy and powerful, the household often numbered hundreds of persons and things: Among the poor, however, households were apparently small, since they included no slaves or servants and little property. The familia of the humble often consisted simply of a woman and her children.

THE MIDDLE AGES, CHIVALRY, &amp KNIGHTHOOD

The rectangle of walls was built as part of the fort’s defences. The foundations and the line of about half of these Roman walls form part of the existing walls, as follows: The line of the rest of the Roman wall went south-west from the east corner, crossing the via principalis of the fortress where King’s Square is now located. The south corner was in what is now Feasegate, and from here the wall continued northwest to the west corner.

The point where the wall crossed the via praetoria is marked by a plaque in St Helen’s Square near the Mansion House.

Marriage in Medieval Times By Rachelle Carter. When someone says the word marriage today we think about two people who are in love and who want to spend the rest of their lives with each other.

History[ edit ] The Anno Domini dating system was devised in by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. When he devised his table, Julian calendar years were identified by naming the consuls who held office that year—he himself stated that the “present year” was “the consulship of Probus Junior “, which was years “since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ”.

Among the sources of confusion are: The civil or consular year began on 1 January but the Diocletian year began on 29 August 30 August in the year before a Julian leap year. There were inaccuracies in the lists of consuls. There were confused summations of emperors’ regnal years. It is not known how Dionysius established the year of Jesus’s birth. Two major theories are that Dionysius based his calculation on the Gospel of Luke, which states that Jesus was “about thirty years old” shortly after “the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar”, and hence subtracted thirty years from that date, or that Dionysius counted back years from the first year of his new table.

For example, the Islamic calendar begins not from the date of the Hijra , but rather weeks prior, on the first occurrence of the month of Muharram corresponding to 16 July At the time, it was believed by some that the Resurrection and end of the world would occur years after the birth of Jesus. The old Anno Mundi calendar theoretically commenced with the creation of the world based on information in the Old Testament.

It was believed that, based on the Anno Mundi calendar, Jesus was born in the year or years after the world was created with the year of the Anno Mundi calendar marking the end of the world. In this same history, he also used another Latin term, ante vero incarnationis dominicae tempus anno sexagesimo “in fact in the 60th year before the time of the Lord’s incarnation” , equivalent to the English “before Christ”, to identify years before the first year of this era.

Medieval Weapons & Armour

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FIG.1 Mean radiocarbon dates, with a ±1 sd (sd = standard deviation) errors, of the Shroud of Turin and control samples, as supplied by the three laboratories (A, Arizona; O, Oxford; Z, Zurich) (See also Table 2.) The shroud is sample 1, and the three controls are samples

He proposed, “Evidence has been accumulating in many fields of investigation pointing to a notably warm climate in many parts of the world, that lasted a few centuries around c. Some “MWP” events are thus wet events or cold events rather than strictly warm events, particularly in central Antarctica , where climate patterns opposite to the North Atlantic area have been noticed. Evidence exists across the world, often very sparsely, for changes in climatic conditions over time. Some of the “warm period” events documented below are actually “dry periods” or “wet periods.

Certain regions, such as central Eurasia , northwestern North America, and with less confidence parts of the South Atlantic, exhibit anomalous coolness. Further analysis of the bulk compilation of all paleoclimatology studies that were done in various areas around the globe appear to indicate a global trend of warming, particularly in the northern and southern peaks but less towards the equator.

Instead, the specific timing of peak warm and cold intervals varies regionally, with multi-decadal variability resulting in regionally specific temperature departures from an underlying global cooling trend. The last written records of the Norse Greenlanders are from an Icelandic marriage in but recorded later in Iceland, at Hvalsey Church , now the best-preserved of the Norse ruins. Tropical cyclones and climate change Lloyd D. The Mann et al.

Much of the Northern Hemisphere showed significant cooling during the Little Ice Age defined in the study from to , but Labrador and isolated parts of the United States appeared to be approximately as warm as during the — period. The common theory is that Norsemen took advantage of ice-free seas to colonize areas in Greenland and other outlying lands of the far north.

Introduction

English Castles This is an interesting little book that was just published and it covers all of the important aspects of the medieval castle during this century which was the zenith of the medieval fortress. It was a time of great changes and great improvements to castles. Read my review of this book here: English Castles This book is available on amazon. Learn more about this wonderful castle here:

In Medieval Europe, attitudes toward homosexuality varied by era and lly, by at least the twelfth century, homosexuality was considered sodomy and was punishable by death. Before the Medieval period early Romans tolerated alternative sexual practices, such as masturbation in males and females and homosexuality.

The Shambles – spot the large ledges shammels in the open shop fronts St Crux church tower, now demolished, at the end of the Shambles – York Art Gallery Meat hooks When in York visiting the Shambles is a must. At its heart is the lane actually called the Shambles, arguably the best preserved medieval street in the world. It was mentioned in the Doomsday Book of William the Conqueror in Many of the buildings on the street today date back to the late fourteenth and fifteenth century around The meat was hung up outside the shops and laid out for sale on what are now the shop window-bottoms.

Lacking modern-day sanitation facilities, there was a constant problem of how to dispose of the waste produced by the slaughter of animals in the city. The pavements are raised either side of the cobbled street to form a channel where the butchers would wash away their offal and blood twice a week. In some sections of the Shambles it is possible to touch both sides of the street with your arms outstretched.

The architecture which now appears so quaint had a very practical purpose.

Introduction

The Dream of Rhonabwy c. They were not original compositions, drawing as they did on pre-existing traditional material, whether from oral or written sources. But these traditions were reworked, often to reflect contemporary concerns.

In Medieval Europe, attitudes toward homosexuality varied by era and lly, by at least the twelfth century, homosexuality was considered sodomy and was punishable by death. Before the Medieval period early Romans tolerated alternative sexual practices, such as masturbation in males and females and homosexuality.

Click image for more details. Axes with thick blades are not war axes they are farming axes. Almost all the axes you have seen or offered as a Viking war axe have not been. Exceptional state of conservation. Found in central Europe. No filler or resin. Very large and heavy. A very interesting addition to any collection that will raise eyebrows.

Stephen Merchant Longs For Medieval Romances